|Materials Theory / Modeling|
Professor Fang’s research programs have focused on the wave-material interactions, with emphasis on identifying connections between the microscopic response of individual elements and the macroscopic material properties. Such effort is supported by development of new micro/nanofabrication and characterization processes for novel functional materials. His primary research effort concentrates on focusing photon and sound into sub-wavelength scales, in the areas of energy conversion, communication and imaging. Professor Fang’s group has experimentally demonstrated optical superlenses for imaging and information processing at dimensions under 30 nanometers. More recently, his group further developed a set of nanofabrication and characterization techniques for optical nanoantennas and cavities, such as a patented electrochemical imprint process to etch metallic nanostructures with sub-20nm resolution. His group imaged local light emission from the hotspot of these nanoantennas using an electron beam tightly focused to a few nanometers. The studies suggest that a periodic array of bowtie nanoantennas can increase the local intensity by orders of magnitude in the feed gap region. Additionally, Professor Fang’s group has invented acoustic metamaterials for bending and trapping sound waves in engineered spaces. These acoustic metamaterials show promise to enhance the resolution of ultrasound imaging, and to reduce the ultrasound signature of the underwater objects. Currently, his group’s work on the mechanics of metamaterials focuses on soft active elements which can transform their geometry and thus effective properties, such as negative thermal expansion and tailored stiffness for energy dissipation and conversion.
Publications & Honors
Selected Principal Publications (last five years):
ICO Prize/Ernest Abbe Medal
by the International Commission of Optics Oct, 2011
d’Arbeloff Career Development Chair June, 2011
Cambridge Who’s Who Professional of the Year
in Higher Education Category Dec, 2010
Invited Participant of Frontier of Engineering
by National Academy of Engineering Sept. 2010
NSF CAREER Award June, 2009
SME Young Manufacturing Engineer Award May, 2009
TR35 Young Innovators Sept. 2008
ASME Pi-Tau-Sigma Gold Medal Nov. 2006
Professor Nicholas X. Fang is the d’Arbeloff Career Development Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Fang earned his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Physics from Nanjing University, China; and Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Los Angeles. He was assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Illinois (UIUC) between 2004 to 2010. He joined the M.I.T. faculty in 2011. Professor Fang teaches and conducts research in the area of micro/nanotechnology.
Professor Fang has been the recipient of several awards and honors recognizing his research and teaching efforts, including the UIUC Award of Excellence in Advising; the selected Professional of the Year 2010 in Higher Education by Cambridge Who’s Who; the ICO Prize from the International Commission of Optics; the NSF CAREER Award; the Society of Manufacturing Engineering Outstanding Young Investigator Award; Technology Review Magazine’s 35 Young Innovators Award; and the ASME Pi Tau Sigma Gold Medal Award.
|US - China Workshop on Photonics|